Climate Glossary

It’s not easy to navigate through the climate friendly statements. We have therefore put together a simple glossary with the mostfrequently used words for your help. See it as a guide to help you navigate and find your climate friendly path.

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Agenda 2030

The Agenda 2030 is a commitment by the United Nations to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development by the year 2030 world-wide, ensuring that no one is left behind. The adoption of Agenda 2030 was a landmark achievement, providing for a shared global vision towards sustainable development for all.

At Lessebo Paper, we share the UN’s belief that sustainable development is key to fight climate change and strive for long-term peace and prosperity for the planet. 

Air pollution

Air pollution occurs when harmful chemicals and particles are emitted into the air – due to human activity or natural forces – at a concentration that interferes with human health or welfare or that harms the environment in other ways.

We continuously monitor our outgoing air flow, to make sure that no harmful chemical particles or chemicals are emitted to the air.



Biobased products are those that originate partially or completely from renewable resources. These products can be either biodegradable or non-biodegradable.

The products from Lessebo Paper are biobased, made from sustainable sources.


If something is biodegradable, then, given the right conditions and presence of microorganisms, fungi, or bacteria, it will eventually break down to its basic components and blend back in with the earth. Timeline is not very specifically defined and the term biodegradable is very often misused in marketing and advertising of products and materials that are not actually environmentally friendly. Opposite to non-biodegradable.

The papers from Lessebo Paper are fully biodegradable.


Biodiversity refers to the variety of living species on Earth, including plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi. While Earth’s biodiversity is so rich that many species have yet to be discovered, many species are being threatened with extinction due to human activities, putting the Earth’s magnificent biodiversity at risk.

Lessebo Paper is encouraging sustainably managed forests and is monitoring air and water emissions from the mill, with the objective to preserve and promote biodiversity.


Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. The term refers to various forms of energy, including heat and electricity.

The energy at Lessebo Paper is bioenergy, derived from wood chips, a form of biomass. The wood chips used are residues from the logging process in local sawmills.


A source of fuel made from living and recently dead plant materials such as wood, leaves and biodegradable part of industrial and municipal waste. Biomass is considered to be a carbon neutral source of energy.


Carbon allowances

All EU countries plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, have a shared EU Emissions Trading System. Allowance-based systems work where greenhouse gas emissions are regulated and the number of carbon allowances each entity, region, or country is allowed to emit is determined. After each year, a company must surrender enough allowances to cover all its emissions, otherwise heavy fines are imposed. If a entity reduces its emissions, it can keep the spare allowances to cover its future needs or sell them to another entity that is short of allowances.

Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide, or CO2, is a colourless greenhouse gas (GHG) formed during the combustion of material containing carbon. The use of fossil fuels for energy is increasing the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which is believed to contribute to global warming.

Carbon dioxide equivalents

Carbon dioxide equivalent abbreviated as CO2-eq is a metric measure used for estimating how much global warming a given type and amount of greenhouse gas may cause, using the functionally equivalent amount or concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) as the reference.

Carbon emissions

In the context of climate change, carbon dioxide is released when substances, especially oil, gas, and coal, are burned by vehicles and planes, by factories and by homes.

At Lessebo Paper, we monitor our carbon emissions and constantly working to minimise the emissions of greenhouse gases. Lessebo Paper has one of the lowest CO2 emissions in the paper industry.

Carbon offsetting

Carbon offset schemes allow individuals and companies to invest in environmental projects around the world, in order to balance out or compensate their own carbon emissions. Carbon offsetting should be used in conjuction with other long-term projects.

At Lessebo Paper, we constanly reduce our CO2 emissions for a long-term solution to climate change. The low CO2 emissions from Lessebo Paper are being balanced in a local forests. The forest absorbs more CO2 than the mill emits, resulting in climate positive paper production.

Carbon sinks

A carbon sink is a natural reservoir, such as oceans and forests, that stores carbon-containing chemical compounds accumulated over an indefinite period of time.

Climate change mitigation

Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit the magnitude or rate of long-term global warming and its related effects. Mitigation may also be achieved by increasing the capacity of carbon sinks.

Lessebo Paper is working for climate change mitigation though increasing the capacity of carbon sinks though reforestation.

Climate neutral

The amount of CO2 released is balanced with an equivalent amount of carbon removal, for example by restoring forests or through direct air capture and storage. The concept of CO2 neutral is similar to “Net-zero” or “CO2 neutral”

Climate positive

Climate positive means that an activity goes beyond achieving net zero carbon emissions to create an environmental benefit by removing additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Lessebo Paper is climate positive, by continuously reducing CO2 emissions and investing in forests that absorbs carbon dioxide.

CO2 neutral

The concept of CO2 neutral is the same as “climate neutral”.



Deforestation, clearance, clearcutting or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees from land which is then converted to a non-forest use. Deforestation can involve conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use.

District heating

In a district heating system, entire towns or parts of towns are interconnected with a common pipe network, the heat distributed is generated in a central boiler station or in a central combined heat and power generation plant that delivers both electricity and heat. Waste heat from industrial plants can also be used in the district heating system.

The waste heat from our production supplies the houses in Lessebo with district heating.



Refers to the intensified growth of organisms in water caused by the presence of easy degradable organic matter or nutrients. This process may result in oxygen depletion, the water cannot longer support life and fish will die.


Fossil fuel

Fossil fuel is a non-renewable resource formed under millions of years from the remains of dead plats and animals and the known viable reserves are being depleted much faster than new ones are being made. The burning of fossil fuel is the largest source of emissions of carbon dioxide and directly contributes to global warming.

No fossil fuel is being used as a source of energy or electricity in the production process of pulp and paper.


Forest Stewardship Council is an organisation to promote the practice of sustainable forestry worldwide. Forests managed to its standards often benefits to both local and wider communities, including cleaner air and water, and a contribution to mitigating the effects of climate change.

Lessebo Paper sell FSC certified products under license code FSC-C021923.


Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

Emissions of gases which contribute to global warming by absorbing infrared radiation, thereby heating the atmosphere. The main contributors are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O). Emissions of greenhouse gases have increased global temperatures by around 1ºC since pre-industrial times.


Natural gas

Natural gas is a non-renewable fossil energy source formed deep beneath the Earth’s surface. Natural gas contains many different compounds, the largest component is methane. Natural gas is sometimes informally referred to as simply “gas”.

Net-zero carbon emissions

The amount of CO2 released is balanced with an equivalent amount of carbon removal, for example by restoring forests or through direct air capture and storage. The concept of CO2 neutral is similar to “CO2 neutral” or “climate neutral”.



Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a collection of 17 global goals designed to be a “blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all”. The SDGs, set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and intended to be achieved by the year 2030, are part of UN Resolution 70/1, the Agenda 2030.

Lessebo Paper has implemented the 17 sustainable development goals within the entire organisation. Read more here


The Forestry Act

The Forestry Act can be seen as an agreement between the swedish society and the various parties involved in forestry. It regulates how the swedish forests must be managed in both production and environmental terms. This act states that there is an obligation to replant forest after felling and the biodiversity in forests has to be preserved.

All forestry operations associated with the production of our products comply with The Forestry Act.


A bleaching process totally chlorine free, thereby avoiding the generation of organically-bound chorine in the pulp and waste water stream.

Lessebo Paper uses TCF pulp in the production of high-quality design paper.